Scientific Name: Musca Domestica
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How do you get rid of House Flies in the house, garage, attic, shed etc.?
Extermination & Control:
When performing preliminary inspections, the emphasis should be on proper identification of the pest fly in question (adult and/or larva) producing the problematic situation and places of all local loafing and larval growth areas. It is also a good idea to perform an inspection at night as the adult house flies will also loaf in breeding sites. One of the most important House Fly control measures is sanitation which will help exterminate larval breeding areas and will reduce the need for chemical treatments. Things like garbage cans must not be overlooked and should be sanitized weekly as a precautionary measure. Multiple mechanical control tactics can be implemented to help with control i.e. air curtains, self closing speed doors, sealed garbage cans, screens, light traps, caulking cracks and crevices.
FREQUENTLY ASKED house fly EXTERMINATION & CONTROL QUESTIONS
House flies have 2 wings, they are dull coloured and are usually 1/16 to 3/8 of an inch long with 3 to 4 darker strips located on the back of their thorax (area behind their heads where wings and legs attach) Surrounded in a light gold stripe their eyes are a reddish brown which dominates their heads with a pair of petite antennae growing from between their eyes. House Fly larvae when mature are rice shaped and a shade of creamy white (maggots) with hooks on their mouth at the end with the head and at their tails have small slits to breath. Maggots are usually 1/4 to 3/8 of an inch in length when they make the transformation pupal stage and change to a brownish colour resembling a seed.
When laying their eggs, the female house fly will lay each egg individual but they will form a cluster of eggs of anywhere from 70 to 160 eggs usually in rotting, organic matter which is very moist i.e. garbage, manure, compost piles or a combination of a couple. Female house flies can lay 550 eggs in their life span. Eggs will usually hatch within 24hrs then burrow into the rotting material to continue their development over the next few days or weeks depending on environmental conditions and food supplies. Maggots will move to dryer sections of the rotting material to further pupate for a few days to several weeks before becoming adults. With optimal environmental conditions House Flies can finish their lifecycle in less than a week.
Scientific Name: Pollenia
How do you get rid of Cluster Flies in the house, garage, attic, shed etc.?
Extermination & Control:
Because the larval stage of cluster flies develops in earthworms there is no control or extermination procedure for this stage of Cluster Flies. Prevention is a critical part of any Cluster Fly extermination and/or control program. Preventing these flies from entering the structure and preventing them from overwintering within the structure is the most effective control measure for long-term results. Exclusion work can be performed inside and outside the structure in question by insuring all windows, door jams, cracks, crevices, screens are completely sealed in conjunction with lower and upper exterior foundation chemical treatments especially in the fall when these flies are looking to gain entry to overwinter. Interior exclusion can be accomplished by sealing everything including light sockets, wall sockets, gaps in trim, or any other gap that can be located to prevent flies from gaining entry. As spring arrives all these flies that have been overwintering in the structure will begin to emerge and look for an escape root causing the highest concentration of cluster flies within the structure. In most cases widows that face the southerly direction will receive the most activity as these widows will receive the most sunlight throughout the daylight hours. Aerosols will be most effective to combat this problem in the spring. Killing large number of flies within the walls or voids is not recommended as you may attract other pests looking to feed on all the dead flies i.e. Larder Beetles and Carpet Beetle larvae.
FREQUENTLY ASKED Cluster Fly EXTERMINATION & CONTROL QUESTIONS
Cluster flies have 2 wings and vary in size from ¼ to 3/8 of an inch in length and are non metallic gray in colour with no stripes visible on their thorax but have golden or yellow hairs on their backs, base of the wings and behind their heads. When resting cluster fly wings overlap their backs which will make the look a little narrower than other flies. As a result of cluster fly maggots developing in earthworms as parasites you will never see them.
Cluster Flies will breed in the spring than the female Cluster Fly will lay her eggs in cracks in the soil, once the eggs hatch usually within a few days will burrow themselves into earthworms where they will continue to develop as parasites usually for 26 to 40 days before emerging as adult Cluster Flies.
Scientific Name: Calliphoridae
How do you get rid of Blow Flies in the house, garage, attic, shed etc.?
Extermination & Control:
When performing preliminary inspections, the emphasis should be on proper identification of the pest fly in question (adult and/or larva) producing the problematic situation and places of all local loafing and larval growth areas. It is also a good idea to perform an inspection at night as the adult Blow flies will also loaf in breeding sites. One of the most important Blow Fly control measures is sanitation which will help exterminate larval breeding areas and will reduce the need for chemical treatments. Things like garbage cans must not be overlooked and should be sanitized weekly as a precautionary measure. Multiple mechanical control tactics can be implemented to help with control i.e. air curtains, self closing speed doors, sealed garbage cans, screens, light traps, caulking cracks and crevices. Timing your light traps at night and turning off all other sources of light is amazingly effective with your Blow Fly control program. Chemical treatments should target adult Flies as your sanitation and elimination program will be most effective against larval growth sites. Some of the chemical countermeasures implemented will include residual insecticides, baits and aerosols. Pesticides most used are emulsifiable concentrates, microencapsulated formulations and wettable powders. Targeting daytime and evening resting sites with residual pesticides will be most effective. When using aerosols, it is important to be sure it is at a time when the adult Blow Flies are most active to achieve the best results.
FREQUENTLY ASKED Blow Fly EXTERMINATION & CONTROL QUESTIONS
There is a few species of Blow Flies that may invade and/or infest structures. Blow Flies are extremely easy to identify with their metallic sheen in various colours i.e. green, blue, black and shades of yellowish brown on their bodies. All species will vary in size from ¼ inch regarding the black species of blow fly to a 5/8 of an inch in relation to blue blow flies. These species of flies are continually active and can be seen flying around windows. The black species of blow fly varies from a blueish-green sheen or lustre while the green species of blow fly are a metallic blue to green and the blue species of blow fly is metallic blue. All these flies have 1 set of wings with sponging mouthparts. Mature blow fly maggots are usually ½ to 7/8 of an inch long, eyeless, legless and resemble a grain of rice with a pair of mouth hooks.
Female Blow Flies can lay anywhere from 550 to 2500 eggs throughout the course of their lives depending on species with clusters of eggs containing 100 to 200 eggs. Preferred medium for laying eggs is usually carrion, fish, garbage, manure, meat and other rotting organic substances. In conjunction with environmental conditions eggs will hatch within 24hrs then spending a few more days molting before leaving their rotting substrate to finish their pupation in the soil for another week or so.