Little Brown Bat
Scientific Name: Myotis Lucifugus
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Having a glossy brown fur coat with and relatively small body size gives this little fellow its name little Brown Bat. Except for its name it is not related to the Big Brown Bat which is a member of a separate genus.
Usually female Little Brown Bats will produce 1 offspring (pup) per year, once being born pups can reach adult size in as little as 3 to 5 weeks with an average lifespan as long as 7 years with some bats in the wild reaching as old as 30 years of age. Little Brown Bats are nocturnal and hunt their food during the night and spend the daylight hours roosting. Humans regularly clash with Little Brown Bats due some of the locations they choose to roost become problematic for homeowners.
Big Brown Bat
Scientific Name: Eptesicus Fuscus
How do you get rid of Bats in the house, garage, attic, shed etc.?
Extermination & Control:
Proper Bat exclusion programs should be executed once a full inspection has been conducted to determine.
- Location of all entry and exit points used by Bats.
- Structural issues with the building Bats could use as harbourage once exclusion work has been performed.
- Locate any areas Bats use to roost inside the building.
- Estimate the number and species of Bats onsite.
The most affective way to inspect for this information is to perform two inspections with the first being conducted at dusk when the Bats start to become active and start exiting the building which will help in the location of all their exit and entry points, and the second inspection being conducted throughout the daylight hours to locate all interior roosting areas if possible.
Any Hole measuring 3/8 of an inch and larger can be used by Bats as both entry and exit points. In some cases these access points can be located will Bat pre-emergence noise, guano on the ground underneath access points, black or dark coloured smear marks left behind by Bats at the access point and by the odour of the guano which smells like ammonia. During inspections conducted at dusk it is important not to shine bright lights at and/or around suspected bat entry points or any areas you might hear Bat noises coming from as this may startle the Bat and/or Bats which could slow or stop their exit from the structure altogether. When inspecting for interior roosting sites during daylight hours start by looking down for piles of guano that has built up from roosting Bats in the area. Bats can also be found roosting in exterior areas of the building i.e. soffits, fascia boards, shutters, gutters and siding. Bat-proofing will be the most humane and logical method of excluding bats from a structure, The best time to perform bat exclusion tactics will be in late fall after you have confirmed they have exited the structure to hibernate for the winter or in early spring before the bats have returned for the summer, exclusion can be performed during summer months as well providing you have given baby Bats (pups) the time they need to develop and are capable of leaving the structure on their own and not become trapped and die within the building. One-way doors can be utilized to allow all Bats to exit but not renter the structure.
FREQUENTLY ASKED BATS EXTERMINATION & CONTROL QUESTIONS
Big Brown Bats have a wingspan of 10 to 13 inches and an overall length of 100 to 140 mm with the female bats being a little larger than the male bats, they both have very sharp with powerful biting power which allows Big Brown Bats the ability to consume larger insects with harder shells like beetles.
Breeding takes place in the fall just before their hibernation cycle begins, after their annual hibernation end during the spring mature female Big Brown Bats will give birth to usually one offspring (pup) per litter while twins are born frequently they have an average lifespan of 6 to 7 years.
Double Bat Box With Baffles
Single Bat Box High On A Building